Silverlight, MVVM & SharePoint - Working with Messages

Discover the powerful features of the MVVM Light Toolkit, including the Messenger class, in this insightful blog post on Silverlight, MVVM, and SharePoint.

This post is part of a series on Silverlight, MVVM & SharePoint. The other posts in this series can be found here: Silverlight, MVVM & SharePoint

Most of the stuff in the MVVM Light Toolkit addresses things to simplify common things you have to deal with such as commands, view models and declaratively binding a new instance of a view model to a view’s data context.

One thing that is a “new feature” included in the toolkit is this special class called a Messenger. What this does is that it allows you to broadcast messages from anywhere in your application as a typed object and have another place in your application listen for those messages. This comes in very handy when working with dialogs, something I’ll address in a different post. There are a few different types of messages that the Messenger supports such as:

  • NotificationMessage: used to send a notification to the registered recipients. There is an associated message that also lets you pass in an action for some code to be executed in the callback by the recipient.
  • DialogMessage: used to send a notification to a recipient that a dialog should be launched. I’ll explain how I use these in another post.
  • PropertyChangedMessage: used to broadcast & receive notifications that a property changed.
  • MessageBase & GenericMessage: good when you want to create your own type of message that doesn’t fall into the above categories.

Great you say… how do I use this? I use it a few different ways. As I said I’ll talk about the dialog message in the next post. Let me walk through a few of them in my Product Browser reference implementation (RI).


When I go to save an item, I’m doing it async because it’s happening against an OData service. What I’d like to do is tell the UI “I’m working, let the user know that and ask them to wait”. To do this I use the IsBusy control from the Silverlight Toolkit on CodePlex. To do this I need to broadcast across my app that this action is happening. From within the main view model I want to listen for this and change a few things, specifically an object I use to turn on/off the IsBusy indicator and to display a specific message.

What happens is that I use a command to fire off an edit dialog for the user to edit a specific command when a button is clicked. When the dialog is closed, if the user clicked OK (instead of cancel), I first want to broadcast the message (on line 249 below) that will change the busy state and save the product:

OnEditProductCommandExecute Method

OnEditProductCommandExecute Method


So what happens when a property changes? The XAML UI listens for properties to change and refreshes UI controls when objects bound to them changes. But what if you want to do something… say for instance when a category is selected, you want to fill up the matching products collection to have that be shown in the UI? This is where the PropertyChangedMessage comes in handy.

When a new product category is selected, using data binding it updates an object in the view model as the following two screenshots show. Notice in the property on line 175 where I’m calling RaisePropertyChanged() which is part of the ViewModelBase that comes with the toolkit? That last Boolean option says “broadcast this message across the app”.

Configuring the broadcast of the selected item

Configuring the broadcast of the selected item

Firing events with properties are updated

Firing events with properties are updated

The next part is that I need to listen for this message and when I see it, I need to update the matching products. When the view model is created the constructor calls a method RegisterMessages() where I create a few messages, such as the following one:

Listening for events

Listening for events

This says the following:

  • Listen for messages of type PropertyChangedMessage and make sure the object in the payload of the message is of type ProductCategory.
  • When you see a message get broadcast like that, check if it is a specific property, specifically the one that has the name of SelectedProductCategory.
  • If it is, call the method LoadProducts().

LoadProducts() async gets all matching products and loads them into a collection and broadcasts to the UI that the property changed. This triggers the Silverlight UI to refresh the listbox that contains a list of all the product categories.

Pretty slick! In the next post I’ll talk about how I handle dialogs.

Andrew Connell
Developer & Chief Course Artisan, Voitanos LLC. | Microsoft MVP
Written by Andrew Connell

Andrew Connell is a web & cloud developer with a focus on Microsoft Azure & Microsoft 365. He’s received Microsoft’s MVP award every year since 2005 and has helped thousands of developers through the various courses he’s authored & taught. Andrew’s the founder of Voitanos and is dedicated to helping you be the best Microsoft 365 web & cloud developer. He lives with his wife & two kids in Florida.

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